AYAHUASCA - SANTO DAIME

Auahuasca - Santo Daime

Ayahuasca (do quíchua aya, que significa 'morto, defunto, espírito', e waska, 'cipó', podendo ser traduzido como "cipó do morto" ou "cipó do espírito"), também conhecida como hoasca, daime, iagê, santo-daime e vegetal, é uma bebida enteógena produzida a partir da combinação da videira Banisteriopsis caapi com várias plantas, em particular a Psychotria viridis e a Diplopterys cabrerana.

A produção e o consumo da bebida são difundidos no mundo todo, em especial nos países ocidentais. A ayahuasca é, frequentemente, associada a rituais de diferentes grupos sociais e religiões, além de fazer parte da medicina tradicional dos povos da Amazônia. 

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Ayahuasca (UK: /ˌaɪ(j)əˈwæskə/, US: /-ˈwɑːskə/) or ayaguasca (in Hispanicized spellings) from Quechua Ayawaska (aya: soul, waska: vine), or yagé (/jɑːˈheɪ, jæ-/), is an entheogenic brew made out of Banisteriopsis caapi vine and other ingredients.[3] The brew is used as a traditional spiritual medicine in ceremonies among the indigenous peoples of the Amazon basin and is known by a number of different names (see below).

B. caapi contains several alkaloids that act as monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). Another common ingredient in ayahuasca is the shrub Psychotria viridis which contains the primary psychoactive, dimethyltryptamine (DMT). MAOIs are required for DMT to be orally active.

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Ayahuasca, Yagé [jaˈhe], Yajé [jaˈhe], Natem, Cipó, Daime, Hoasca (und andere) sind Namen für einen psychedelisch wirkenden Pflanzensud aus der Liane Banisteriopsis caapi und N,N-Dimethyltryptamin-haltigen Blättern des Kaffeestrauchgewächses Psychotria viridis. In manchen Fällen ist mit der Bezeichnung Ayahuasca auch nur die Liane Banisteriopsis caapi gemeint. Der Sud enthält Harman-Alkaloide, die als Monoaminooxidase-Hemmer wirken und so den Abbau des Halluzinogens N,N-Dimethyltryptamin (DMT) verlangsamen. Die Angehörigen diverser Amazonas-Ethnien gebrauchen Ayahuasca in rituellen religiösen Zeremonien, um sich in einen Trance-Zustand zu versetzen. Der Gebrauch ist im amazonischen Brasilien, Bolivien, Peru, im Orinocodelta von Venezuela bis an die Pazifikküste von Kolumbien und Ecuador verbreitet.[Zudem sind im 20. Jahrhundert in Brasilien diverse Ayahuasca-Religionen entstanden, darunter União do Vegetal, Barquinha und Santo Daime, die in den Städten von der Mittelschicht frequentiert werden und inzwischen auch international präsent sind. Der religiöse Gebrauch ist in Brasilien rechtlich garantiert und in den USA durch eine Entscheidung des Supreme Court seit 2006 legalisiert. 

Fonte: Wikipedia


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